How Tata Nano Saves cost?

Rear wheel drive is 4-speed trans axle (manually actuated )which offers the car better fuel efficiency
No Radio and Power windows are there, as well as no air conditioning, air bags, anti lock brakes, or not any remote locks or power steering are provided.
Wheel bearing is enough strong for driving the car at 72kmph but would wear out fast at high speeds.
Speedometer is analogue, with odometer and fuel gauge.
Windscreen wiper – Single

Speed of TATA Nano : Top speed - 105kmph

Nano Dimension:

Length - 3.1m
Height - 1.6 m
Width - 1.5 m

Tata Nano Engine specifications:

Multi point fuel injection petrol engine
33 bhp
Cylinders – 2 of 624 cc
Rear-wheel drive.
Engine is rear mounted.
Gasoline engine with 2-cylinder is used in a car with single balancer shaft for a 1st time.
Anti-vibe balancer shaft

Safety features for Tata Nano -:

Sheet metal body
Crumple zones
Intrusion resistant doors
Strong seats and anchorages
Seat belts
Tubeless Tires
Rear tailgate glass bonded to the body

How green is Tata Nano?

Tailpipe emission is more than existing regulatory requirements.
Overall pollution level is lower than two-wheelers.
Fuel efficiency is 20 km/litre, that makes sure low carbon dioxide productions.

Front Bonnet

Holds Battery
Wind-Shield washer bottle
Room for single suitcase
Spare wheel

The Future of Alternative Energy and Fuels

When gas costs skyrocketed a few past years, various people rapidly took an interest in alternative energy and fuels. Furthermore as requirement grew, companies rapidly start themselves mandatory to take interest. The majority of the usual arguments for alternative energy and fuels focus on problems of pollution, price, reliance, and jobs.

What nearly all people do not understand is that alternative energy and fuels always have ecological consequence s. This may be by means of a heat generation, air pollutants, dissipated by-products, land manipulation, lineage, etc. Rather, we should talk regarding advantages and disadvantages of each kind of energy and fuel. There is no gray shot. Prices, reliance, and jobs too differ depending on the energy type.

There are a multitude of alternative energies being checked. Wind powered energy plants are previously prepared in number of parts of the world. Solar energy production has laid big steps ahead in assistance of nano technology. Nanosolar company is one example. Nanosolar is manufacturing solar cells which are 100 times slimmer than traditional cells. Not lone are the cells cheaper to manufacture, but they also translate the solar energy much more effectively. OTEC that is ‘Ocean thermal energy conversion’ utilizes the temperature variations in the ocean layers to deliver energy. Plus OTEC may use this colder water (36 degree F cooler) in other things such as on shore farming and refrigeration. And the list increases.

Great interest was produced in alternative fuels this past year after gas prices crossed record levels. New advancements in battery technology might help. One such advancement is Millennium Cell's hydrogen battery technology. This technology varies significantly from conventional rechargeable batteries in which it is immediately rechargeable. It moreover has a much great effectiveness for energy conversion, so it is greatly smaller and lighter. There is in addition greater recycle efficiency as you do not require to swap the entire battery. You just requre to replace the energy module. Improvement s are enduring in biodiesel, methanol, hydrogen, electric, etc. I believe there might be some serious future synergy among nano technology and alternative energy

IIT JEE Physics Syllabus 2010

General: Units and dimensions, dimensional analysis; least count, significant figures; Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer), Determination of g using simple pendulum, Young's modulus by Searle's method, Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter, focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method, Speed of sound using resonance column, Verification of Ohm's law using voltmeter and ammeter, and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box.

Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only), projectiles; Circular motion (uniform and non-uniform); Relative velocity.

Newton's laws of motion; Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference; Static and dynamic friction; Kinetic and potential energy; Work and power; Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy.

Systems of particles; Centre of mass and its motion; Impulse; Elastic and inelastic collisions.

Law of gravitation; Gravitational potential and field; Acceleration due to gravity; Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits.

Rigid body, moment of inertia, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes; Angular momentum; Torque; Conservation of angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation; Rolling without slipping of rings, cylinders and spheres; Equilibrium of rigid bodies; Collision of point masses with rigid bodies.

Linear and angular simple harmonic motions.

Hooke's law, Young's modulus.

Pressure in a fluid; Pascal's law; Buoyancy; Surface energy and surface tension, capillary rise; Viscosity (Poiseuille's equation excluded), Stoke's law; Terminal velocity, Streamline flow, Equation of continuity, Bernoulli's theorem and its applications.

Wave motion (plane waves only), longitudinal and transverse waves, Superposition of waves; progressive and stationary waves; Vibration of strings and air columns. Resonance; Beats; Speed of sound in gases; Doppler effect (in sound).

Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases; Calorimetry, latent heat; Heat conduction in one dimension; Elementary concepts of convection and radiation; Newton's law of cooling; Ideal gas laws; Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases); Isothermal and adiabatic processes, bulk modulus of gases; Equivalence of heat and work; First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers; Kirchhoff's law, Wien's displacement law, Stefan's law.

Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb's law; Electric field and potential; Electrical Potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field, Electric field lines; Flux of electric field; Gauss's law and its application in simple cases, such as, to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.

Capacitance; Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics; Capacitors in series and parallel; Energy stored in a capacitor.

Electric current: Ohm's law; Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells; Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications; Heating effect of current.

Biot-Savart law and Ampere's law, magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire, along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid; Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field.

Magnetic moment of a current loop; Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop; Moving coil galvanometer, voltmeter, ammeter and their conversions.

Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law, Lenz's law; Self and mutual inductance; RC, LR and LC circuits with d.c. and a.c. sources.

Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light; Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces; Total internal reflection; Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism; Thin lenses; Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses; Magnification.

Wave nature of light: Huygen's principle, interference limited to Young's double-slit experiment.

Modern physics: Atomic nucleus; Alpha, beta and gamma radiations; Law of radioactive decay; Decay constant; Half-life and mean life; Binding energy and its calculation; Fission and fusion processes; Energy calculation in these processes.

Photoelectric effect; Bohr's theory of hydrogen-like atoms; Characteristic and continuous X-rays, Moseley's law; de Broglie wavelength of matter waves.

IIT JEE Mathematics Syllabus 2011

JEE Mathematics Syllabus

Algebra of complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, cube roots of unity, geometric interpretations.

Quadratic equations with real coefficients, relations between roots and coefficients, formation of quadratic equations with given roots, symmetric functions of roots.

Arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progressions, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic means, sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions, infinite geometric series, sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers.

Logarithms and their properties.

Permutations and combinations, Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, properties of binomial coefficients.

Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers, equality of matrices, addition, multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices, transpose of a matrix, determinant of a square matrix of order up to three, inverse of a square matrix of order up to three, properties of these matrix operations, diagonal, symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties, solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.

Addition and multiplication rules of probability, conditional probability, independence of events, computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.


Trigonometric functions, their periodicity and graphs, addition and subtraction formulae, formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles, general solution of trigonometric equations.

Relations between sides and angles of a triangle, sine rule, cosine rule, half-angle formula and the area of a triangle, inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).

Analytical geometry

Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.

Equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line. Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrency of lines, centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of a triangle.

Equation of a circle in various forms, equations of tangent, normal and chord.

Parametric equations of a circle, intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle, equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line.

Equations of a parabola, ellipse and hyperbola in standard form, their foci, directrices and eccentricity, parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal.

Locus Problems.

Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space, equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane.

Differential calculus

Real valued functions of a real variable, into, onto and one-to-one functions, sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, composite functions, absolute value, polynomial, rational, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.

Limit and continuity of a function, limit and continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, l'Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions.

Even and odd functions, inverse of a function, continuity of composite functions, intermediate value property of continuous functions.

Derivative of a function, derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, derivatives of polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.

Derivatives of implicit functions, derivatives up to order two, geometrical interpretation of the derivative, tangents and normals, increasing and decreasing functions, maximum and minimum values of a function, applications of Rolle's Theorem and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem.

Integral calculus

Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions, definite integrals and their properties, application of the Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus.

Integration by parts, integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions, application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves.

Formation of ordinary differential equations, solution of homogeneous differential equations, variables separable method, linear first order differential equations.


Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, scalar products, dot and cross products, scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.

This is Ramjanmabhoomi

While the Supreme Court has postponed until September 28 its hearing on a plea to defer the Allahabad high court's verdict in the Ayodhya title suit, in the pilgrim town itself, there's no dispute: The place was, and is, Ramjanmabhoomi for its Hindus.

Nowhere in Ayodhya, not in shop addresses or official signages, in the directions yelled out to lost visitors from teashops or police chowkies, or anywhere close to the disputed area, is the "spot" referred to as anything else but Ramjanmabhoomi. Even the official parlance refers to it as Janmabhoomi. For a disputed structure, there is remarkably little dispute.

The first and only time that TOI saw or heard the word Babri all day was in a cramped two-room house where a 90-year-old man with a hearing aid was being harangued by journalists. 'Babri Masjid Reconstruction Committee' read the hand-painted words on the doorway to Mohammed Hashim Ansari's house. One of the litigants, and the last surviving of the six who were on the same petition, Ansari demands that the court give its verdict soon. "At least in my lifetime," he says pleadingly, adding, "All of Ayodhya's Muslims are waiting for this."

Bangle-seller Mohammed Arif's family has lived here in the old city for four generations. "I was here when they broke the mosque and I saw the city aflame," he says softly and with no anger. "Everyone knows what happened. It was on TV. We don't want to stir up trouble. If that means not referring to the area as Babri any more, so be it," he says. Arif and his family have little interest in the verdict. "They can build a church if they want, I don't care," he says. But they're all watching TV intently on the pavement outside his shop. "For news of trouble," says his teenaged daughter Saira.

"There are two parallel forces in the country, one that supports anarchy and one that supports the rule of law," says Khalid Ahmed, who heads the Helal Committee which offers legal help to the two disputing sides. "The first one gave its judgment on December 6, 1992, when it tore down the mosque, killed 17 Muslims in Ayodhya and burnt down 450 shops, punishing Muslims for the sins of their forefathers. We are still waiting for the judgment of the other force," says Ahmed.

"The point isn't that everyone calls it Ramjanmabhoomi; the point is, it is Ramjanmabhoomi," says Purshottam Kumar, owner of Shri Ram Chandra ki Sarvottam Samagri, a shop in the main market that sells religious paraphernalia: from headbands worn by karsevaks in 1992 to strings of prayer beads and saffron scarves. Kumar's is the fifth generation that has lived and worked on the same spot and he explains that each generation has known that this is the place where Ram was born and that there was a temple. "What will the court's judgment change? Nothing," he says smiling benignly. "Every Hindu knows in his heart that this is the Ramjanmabhoomi and it will not be anything else."

The security is heavy: two rings of fencing, one yellow, one barbed, guarded by village chowkidars, home guards, the PAC, Rapid Action Force and CRPF. CCTVs hover over, ominously overseen by armed men on watchtowers. At the entrance, every object on one's person including belts and pens is removed. There are five full-body checks. A group of women from Gujarat is on a pilgrimage. They will go from here to Nepal. "We've come to take Ram's darshan. There used to be a mosque nearby but went long ago," explains Sushilaben Kanojia of Rajkot.

After walking for several minutes inside what feels like a labyrinth, devotees are deposited 10 feet away from a statue of Ram, Sita, Laxman and Bharat, a fence separating them from visitors. A sign reads 'Don't Wait Here'. The sanctum sanctorum is enveloped on all sides by a tent. This is where the Babri Masjid once stood. Not just the mosque, not even rubble is visible any more. Obviously, there is no Muslim worship here.

Adrenal Gland Cancer Symptom

Adrenal cancer does not always produce symptoms. Both nonfunctioning adrenocortical carcinomas and large functioning tumors may cause are fever, palpable abdominal mass, persistent abdominal pain, sensation of abdominal fullness, and weight loss.Additional symptoms of functioning adrenocortical carcinoma depend on which hormones are overproduced. Overproduction of androgens usually does not produce symptoms in men because the testicles produce testosterone, which is a more potent androgen.

Rarely, abnormal breast enlargement occurs in men. Excess androgens may cause early puberty in children and masculinization in women and children.Some common symptoms associated with adrenal gland tumors are low potassium levels, high blood pressure, nervousness, anxiety, heart palpitations, diabetes and developing stretch marks over the abdominal area.People experiencing any of these symptoms should consult a doctor immediately, as adrenal gland tumors can release hormones which can result in hormonal imbalances.

More severe symptoms associated with adrenal gland tumors include the feeling of always being full and never being hungry, fever, abdominal mass, weight loss and severe abdominal pain. These symptoms are rare, but if you experience them, seek medical attention immediately.People with an adrenal gland tumor may experience the following symptoms. Sometimes, people with an adrenal gland tumor do not show any of these symptoms. Or, these symptoms may be caused by a medical condition that is not a tumor.

If you are concerned about a symptom on this list, please talk with your doctor.In addition, pheochromocytoma may cause dangerous surges of the adrenal gland hormones that regulate blood pressure and response to stress. A hormonal surge can cause blood pressure to increase dramatically and can dangerously increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, hemorrhage, or sudden death. For more information, see the Symptoms section of Cancer.Net’s Guide to Neuroendocrine Tumor.

Adrenal Gland Cancer Symptoms:


2.Unexplained weight gain

3.Abdominal pain


5.Excessive perspiration




9.Heart palpitations

10.Unexplained weight loss

11.Low potassium level

12.High blood pressure

Eye Stye Prevention Tips

There are some important tips to prevent formation of eye sty. To prevent eye sty, wash your hands after any activity or after going to bathroom. Avoid touching your eyes as most of the children do after being tired. Touching with bare hands should be avoided especially if you have sore eyes. Avoid using pressure to drain the eye sty; it will burst on its own. If you try to squeeze eye sty, infection can seep into the blood stream.

Do not pop it like a pimple; it can increase the infection to other eye also. If you have touched any wound, pimple or boil, wash your hands thoroughly before touching eyes. Use clean disinfected cotton swab or cotton ball to clean areas around eye to avoid spreading of infection. Use two different cotton swabs for both eyes. Never share your eye makeup; face cloth or towel with others as sharing of these personal objects can cause spreading of infection among various people.

While it is impossible to completely prevent the development of a sty, good hygienic practices, including proper hand washing, can help prevent all forms of infection, including a sty. Other measures that can help prevent styes include

1.Not touching the eye and surrounding areas.
2.Keeping all cosmetics clean.
3.Discarding old or contaminated eye makeup.
4.Keeping eye tools clean.
5.Never sharing cosmetics or cosmetic eye tools (such as lash curlers or eyelash combs) with others.

Stye prevention is closely related to proper hygiene. Proper hand washing can not only reduce the risks of developing styes, but all other types of infections.

Upon awakening, application of a warm washcloth to the eyelids for one to two minutes may be beneficial in decreasing the occurrence of styes by liquefying the contents of the oil glands of the eyelid and thereby preventing blockage. Some studies suggest oral flaxseed supplementation to prevent the occurrence of styes.

In order to prevent developing styes it is recommended to never share cosmetics or cosmetic eye tools with other people. People should also keep their eye tools clean and generally having proper eye hygiene. Women are recommended to remove makeup every night before going to sleep and discard old or contaminated eye makeup.

Mahindra’s Mojo 300cc Motorcycle

Mahindra Mojo engine

Could the Mahindra Mojo be powered by a liquid cooled 300cc engine with fuel injection? When you’re talking of high displacement, the cooling system needs to be liquid. Liquid absorbs heat better, and Mahindra’s teaser video it previewed earlier this month, had a bike with a radiator. The Mahindra Mojo might be installed with a 4-valve engine. The bike’s electronic fuel injection system might come from an Italian motorcycle company (maybe Ducati?) which responds to throttle inputs as well as other parameters such as gradient and instructs the injector to deliver a richer mixture. The engine has dual exhausts which ease back pressure and should generate an awesome note while revved.
Mahindra Mojo suspension

The Mojo could come with inverted front forks usually found on motorcycles that belong to racing teams. At the rear Mahindra could fit the Mojo with gas chargers that respond to the terrain better and keep the riders on their seats all the time.
Mahindra Mojo brakes

The Mahindra Mojo could come fitted with disc brakes to the front and rear alloy wheels. The disc brakes provide immediate stopping power and suffer less from fading. They could also get radial calipers which are more effective compared to regular ones.
Mahindra Mojo instrument cluster

The Mahindra Mojo could get a digital instrument cluster that notifies the rider of speed, fuel remaining, rpm and time. There could also be an gear indicator and all this lights up on a blue background, perhaps?
Mahindra Mojo electricals

The Mojo gets twin headlamps (from the teaser video) and it could have LED tail lamps that are resistant to failure during extreme vibration, have longer life and consume lesser power. As a safety feature, Mahindra should think of placing LED indicator lights on the mirrors of the Mahindra Mojo.
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Gujarat Assembly speaker Ashok Bhatt passes away

Veteran BJP leader and Gujarat Assembly Speaker Ashok Chandulal Bhatt died late evening on Wednesday. He was 71.

The end came at a private hospital in Ahmedabad. Bhatt, who was suffering from heart ailment, was on ventilator since Tuesday night after his condition turned critical. Earlier this month, he had to be rushed to hospital with breathing difficulties but was discharged a couple of days later after his condition improved.

Bhatt’s body will be kept at his residence in Khadia from 7 a.m. to 10 a.m. for the public to pay their last respects. Later, his body will be taken to the Assembly at Gandhinagar for paying state honours from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m. The funeral will be held at 12 noon. A two-day state mourning has been declared in Gujarat.

Chief Minister Narendra Modi has expressed his deep condolences over the demise of Bhatt.

Bhatt had started his public life as a student activist, taking part in the Maha Gujarat agitation, which eventually gave birth to the state of Gujarat in 1960. He subsequently joined the Jansangh and was the president of Bhartiya Janata Yuva Morcha from 1976 to 1980. Bhatt, who underwent imprisonment during the Emergency,. became a municipal councillor in Ahmadabad in 1973 and was chairman of the Gujarat Slum Clearance Board during 1977-80.

After first being elected to the Assembly in 1975 from Khadia in Ahmedabad, Bhatt went on to be an MLA for no less than 8 consecutive terms, holding several positions, including chairing the Public Accounts Committee. As a cabinet minister, he had held several portfolios down the years, ranging from Civil Supplies, Revenue, Jails, Labour and Employment, Health and Family Welfare, Law and Justice, Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs, Cow-breeding, Devasthanam and Pilgrimage Development. He was also the BJP whip in the Assembly from 1980 to 1990.Bhatt is survived by his wife Jyoti, three sons and a daughter. One of his sons, Bhushan Bhatt, is a municipal councillor in AMC.

Ayodhya Verdict Today

A day ahead of the Babri Masjid-Ramjanmabhoomi verdict that will put to test India’s ideal of religious tolerance, India was on alert Wednesday with Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi, among others, appealing for peace and mutual respect.

While the central and state governments stepped up security to ward off any communal trouble following the verdict on the 61-year-old dispute, some said India had moved on since 1992 when the Babri Masjid was demolished by Hindu radicals who believed it was built on the birthplace of Lord Ram.

The demolition of the 16th century mosque in Uttar Pradesh’ town of Ayodhya triggered widespread riots in which at least 2,000 people were killed.

In a passionate appeal, put out as a half-page newspaper advertisement, the prime minister urged people to treat the verdict by the Lucknow bench of the Allahabad High Court on the land dispute with “utmost respect”.

“We must remember the fact that the judgment, at this stage, is one step in the judicial process. The determination of the issues need not necessarily end with this judgment, unless it is accepted by all parties,” the prime minister said amid apprehensions that the ruling could reopen the volatile communal issue.

The three-judge bench will deliver the verdict at 3.30 p.m. Thursday. But the ruling can be challenged in the Supreme Court if any of the parties is not satisfied with the court decision.

Appealing to all sections of people to maintain “equanimity and tranquility”, Manmohan Singh said if any of the parties to the dispute feels that further judicial consideration is required, “there are legal remedies available, which could be resorted to”. Congress president and chairperson of the ruling United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Sonia Gandhi asked people to “respect the verdict of the independent judiciary of India”.

“I respectfully request you to have faith in the judicial system and maintain brotherhood at any cost,” Gandhi said in her appeal written in Hindi.

Added Home Minister P. Chidambaram: “India has moved on, especially the people who were born after 1992 have a different world view.”

“I hope peace and communal harmony will be maintained,” he said, disclosing that more 1.90 lakh “policemen from all formations” would be deployed in Uttar Pradesh.

A senior official added that Uttar Pradesh would be the focus of security action, particularly Ayodhya, the location of the dispute, and Lucknow, where the verdict would be delivered.

Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka and Kerala are some of the states where the judgment could “evoke sharp reaction”, the central government believes.

At a time when the Indian capital is set to host its biggest international sporting event, the Commonwealth Games, beginning Sunday, the home ministry has asked states to strictly enforce security measures in sensitive locations. Administrations have been asked to activate peace committees of Hindus and Muslims.

A special alert has been sounded for cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Bhiwandi, Bhopal, Bangalore, Coimbatore and Hyderabad that have a history of communal flare-ups. Leaders are also sounding caution and appealing for calm irrespective of which side the scales tilt.

The Darul Uloom Deoband, a leading Muslim seminary, has said any reaction to the judgment should be legal.

“The issue has lingered for the last 60 years… it is time the matter is sorted out. We pray peace and harmony is maintained. If any party feels dissatisfied we can always approach the Supreme Court,” Maulana Abdul Khaliq Madrasi, a teacher of the seminary, told IANS.

The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) too said peace and order should prevail irrespective of the ruling.“The temple will be constructed whatever the court decision would be. But we believe in democratic institutions and would appeal to all our activists and volunteers to maintain peace and order after the verdict,” VHP leader Vinod Bansal told IANS.

“We have made peace appeals in the past as well and do so today also… Peace and communal harmony should not be disturbed. We hope that the verdict will be a positive turning point for the Hindu-Muslim unity in India. Indians have matured and have prepared their mind to accept and respect the court verdict,” Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi of the BJP told IANS.

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